At the end of the article, you will able to distinguish between two types of properties – intensive property, extensive property, examples. Let’s start discussing it one by one.
Intensive Property Examples
The properties which do not depend upon either the size of the system or the quantity of matter present in it, are known as intensive properties. For example Pressure, temperature, density, specific heat, surface tension, viscosity, refractive index, melting and boiling points etc.
Intensive properties which are unlike the extensive properties. They depend on the type of the matter and not on the amount or the quantity of the matter such alike the intensive extensive properties.
If we have two beakers of water.
- One beaker number one is filled with a more quantity of water than beaker second beaker.
- An equal amount of heat is given to raise the temperature of both Beakers.
- The whole process is watched by two separate thermometers.
When the temperature reaches 100 degrees Celsius (boiling point of water). Definitely, water will start boiling in the beaker.
The two beakers one and two regardless of the quantity that’s found in both beakers. This means that the boiling point is not affected by the different quantities of water in both beakers.
This means that the boiling point is an intensive property.
Another example of the intensive property
A color let’s suppose we take a green liquid. The liquid does not change its color even though we placed it in different containers with different shapes and volume. So, here the color was not affected by the amount of matter. So, color is also an intensive property. Other intensive properties include the hardness and the density.
Extensive Property Examples
The properties which depend upon the quantity of the matter present in the system are known as extensive properties. For example Mass, volume, energy, enthalpy, work etc.
Let’s take an example:
If we have a ruler with a certain height and cut a certain piece from the ruler. This action will change the dimension (height of the ruler).
So, Here what we did?
We removed a matter. This removing of matter will decrease the height. So, we call the height as an extensive property because it depends on the amount of matter.
Another example of the Extensive property
Another example – Suppose that we have a balloon with a certain volume. We expand balloon by pushing more air and gases inside it.
So, the volume of this balloon will expand this means What?
Adding extra matter will increase the volume of this balloon. So, the volume is an extensive property. So these properties are those which depend on the quantity of the matter.
This all about the basics of intensive, extensive properties, examples.